Crop Biotech Updatehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/A weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800Climate Change Slowed Agricultural Productivity Growth by 21% since 1961http://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=18691Cornell University, the University of Maryland (UMD), and Stanford University have worked together to quantify the man-made effects of climate change on global agricultural productivity growth for the first time.Using a robust model of weather effects on productivity, the study showed a 21% reduction in global agricultural productivity since 1961, ...Wed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800GlobalStudy Finds Spinach as Edible Substrate to Grow Meat from Labhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=18688A team of researchers led by Boston College has successfully grown bovine meat by using decellularized spinach leaf as edible platform in a laboratory.The team removed the plant cells from the spinach leaf and used the remaining vascular framework to grow isolated precursors of cow meat cells. The cells were cultured on the surface of the decellula...Wed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800AmericasNew Heat Sensing Gene to Help Crops Battle Climate Changehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=18693Researchers from the University of California Riverside (UC Riverside) discovered the second gene involved in temperature sensing in plants that could promote food security amidst climate change.The researchers modified a completely temperature-insensitive mutant Arabidopsis to make it reactive to temperature again. Upon examining the genes of the ...Wed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800AmericasHealth Canada: Gene-Edited Crops are Safehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=18692Health Canada has declared that gene-edited crops are safe. Health Canada launched a public consultation for the Proposed new guidance for Novel Food Regulations focused on plant breeding on March 25 and closes on May 24, 2021.The consultation proposes new rules that will deal with plant breeding innovations, including gene-edited crops. However, a...Wed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800AmericasExperts Tackle Importance of New Breeding Technologies in Food and Nutritional Securityhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=18672Pakistan Biotechnology Information Center Karachi held a seminar on New Breeding Technologies for Food and Nutritional Security on March 18, 2021, in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Kanwarpal Dhugga, a principal scientist of biotechnology, specifically editing genes for disease resistance in maize and wheat working at the International Maize and Wheat Improv...Wed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificGM White Clover Field Trial in Australia Gets Approvalhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=18689Australia's Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR) has issued license DIR 176 to PTM Solutions Australia Pty. Ltd. authorizing the limited and controlled release (field trial) of white clover genetically modified (GM) for increased condensed tannins.The trial is proposed to take place between April 2021 and December 2026, on up to four site...Wed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificExperts Highlight Impacts of Agri-biotech Adoption in Vietnamhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=18702Biotech maize adoption in Vietnam shows positive impacts of higher productivity, increased farmer income, and environmental improvement, according to the speakers of the webinar Contributions of Agricultural Biotechnology Adoption in Vietnam held in a hybrid event today hosted in Hanoi, Vietnam.Vietnam Seed Trade Association (VSTA), together with t...Wed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificLabeling Gene-Edited Foodstuffs is Impossible Says Italian MEPhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=18690Italian MEP Herbert Dorfmann, the agriculture coordinator of Christian-democrat Europe's People Party (EPP) has said that labeling foodstuffs as gene-edited products is simply not possible as the genetic improvements brought about by new breeding technologies (NBTs) are not identifiable.The lawmaker said he is frequently communicating with research...Wed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800EuropeIdentified Gene Boosts Water Use Efficiency in Appleshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=18694Researchers identified a gene that can increase apple's water use efficiency (WUE) when it is overexpressed. This discovery can be a potential solution to the water deficit in China's apple industry, one of the major limiting factors of apple production in some parts of the country.Scientists investigated the relationship between autophagy, the nat...Wed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800ResearchJapanese Consumers Prefer Gene Editing Applications on Vegetables over Livestockhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=18695A statistically rigorous online survey finds that Japanese consumers have more negative opinions about the use of gene editing techniques on livestock than they do about using the same technologies on vegetables. Humans feel closer to animals than plants and have more concern about animal welfare. The study, led by Naoko Kato-Nitta, a research scie...Wed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesExperts Present Two Efficient CRISPR-Cas9 Systems for Soybeanhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=18704Scientists from the University of Brasilia and the University of Georgia reported two CRISPR-Cas9 systems which can be used for soybean's complex genome. The findings are published in Transgenic Research. Genome editing tools are powerful tools in crop improvement since their efficiency can be enhanced to be applied to crops with complex genomes su...Wed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesMitoTALENs Reveal Role of Mitochondrial Gene in Rice Pollen Developmenthttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=18686Researchers from Tohoku University and partners successfully restored pollen development in sterile rice by disrupting a mitochondrial gene using mitochondrion-targeted transcription activator-like effector nucleases (mitoTALENs). The results are published in BioRxiv. Genomes in plant mitochondria sometimes contain cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS)-...Wed, 7 Apr 2021 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding Technologies