Crop Biotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800No Time to Lose in Eradicating Hunger and Malnutrition is still time to work on the commitment to eliminate hunger, but urgent measures are necessary to reverse the recent increase in the reported number of hungry people. This was the united call of the speakers at the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) happening this week in Rome, Italy. CFS is the foremost inclusive international and interg...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800GlobalAdoption of GM Crops in Cameroon Imminent, Says Expert progress of GM research is running smoothly in Cameroon, according to Dr. David Akuroh Mbah, Chief Research Officer at the Cameroon Academy of Sciences. Confined field trials of GM cotton were initiated by Sodecotton in Cameroon in 2012. In 2015, open field trials were conducted under the observation of the National Biosafety Committee and the ...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800AfricaResearchers Unlock Sweet Mysteries of the Sugarcane Genome 100 scientists from 16 institutions worked together for five years to complete the massive and complex sugarcane genome. The crop's massive genome was difficult to sequence because in the evolutionary history of sugarcane, its genome was duplicated twice, resulting in four slightly different versions of each pair of chromosomes all crammed int...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800AmericasGene-Edited High-Fiber Wheat Could Hit the Market by 2020 inaugural harvest of the first gene-edited high-fiber wheat has been completed, as reported by its developer, Calyxt. The high-fiber wheat is the seventh Calyxt product that has been declared as non-regulated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), including powdery mildew-resistant wheat, high-oleic soybeans, high-oleic/low-linoleic soyb...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800AmericasIRRI and Crop Trust Agreement Saves World's Largest Rice Collection agreement between the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and the Crop Trust ensures the conservation and sharing of 136,000 rice varieties from all over the world. The world's largest rice collection will receive permanent funding worth US$1.4 million a year, in perpetuity, and signed on World Food Day, October 16, 2018, during the 5th...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificOpenMTA to Support Global Innovation in Biotechnology, a Material Transfer Agreement (MTA) providing legal frameworks to research organizations in defining terms and conditions for sharing their materials has been made available through an international collaboration. The new easy to use tool is designed to support openness, sharing, and innovation in global biotechnology. Developed by the San...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800EuropePG Economics Report Urges UK to "Bring Back" Sound Science in Crop Regulation Post-Brexit independent analysis reports that the UK's failure to diverge from some aspects of EU regulation of crop biotechnology and new breeding techniques (NBTs) after Brexit will represent missed opportunities that could lead to the UK failing to take advantage of available economic and wider societal benefits. Written by agricultural economist Graham ...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800EuropeScientists Develop Virus-Resistant Tobacco Using Gene Technology plants can grow in areas of poor nutrition and extreme climatic conditions. Two popular varieties of tobacco, K-326 and C9-1, have good yield and quality but susceptible to viral diseases. To date, there are no virus resistant tobacco varieties available in Vietnam, especially for combating mosaic or spotted wilt virus. Thus, Vietnamese res...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800ResearchSoybean Gene Confers Alkaline Stress Resistance in Alfalfa genes are known to play a role in high pH stress response but are less studied in alkaline than in high-salt stress conditions. Thus, researcher Mingzhe Sun from Northeast Agricultural University and colleagues determined the mechanism of GsbZIP67 from wild soybean in alfalfa through genetic transformation.They first investigated the expressio...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800ResearchIdentification of the Sweet Transporter Gene Family in Cassava SWEET (sugars will be eventually exported transporters) family plays important roles in various biological processes, such as plant growth, development, and response to environmental conditions. Chu Duc Ha and colleagues performed a comprehensive search of the cassava genome, leading to the identification of 28 members of MeSWEET gene family. T...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800ResearchScientists Use Transient Expression to Optimize Gene Editing in Cotton editing in cotton is hindered by the species' complex genetic make-up, requiring higher levels of CRISPR-Cas9 components than usual to obtain expected results. Cotton is a heterotetraploid, which makes targeted mutagenesis for this crop's improvement inefficient and time-consuming. To address this problem, scientist Chun-Peng Song of State K...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesCRISPR-Cas9 Used to Target Rice Blast Fungus rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae is an important pathogen of rice, such that it is the most significant threat to rice production, and manipulating it can be a relevant tool in managing the disease.Researcher Nicholas Talbot from The Sainsbury Laboratory in Norwich and colleagues used CRISPR-Cas9 system expression in complex with ribonucleo...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesGene Replacement in Tomato, Achieved Using CRISPR-Cas9 and Replicon can be used to produce two types of gene edits, namely NHEJ and HDR repairs. The NHEJ repair is done by allowing the natural repairing system of the cells inside the plant to create new combinations or mutations in the DNA sequence, whereas HDR is done by providing a template DNA sequence to the cell so that this template would replace ...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesBlue Roses Coming Soon in Gardens roses do not exist naturally, so florists put cut roses in dye to achieve blue-hued flowers. Thanks to modern biotechnology, blue roses can now be attained through the help of pigment-producing bacteria.Researchers have found a way to express pigment-producing enzymes from bacteria in the petals of a white rose, producing roses with blue tint....Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechResearch Team Cracks Lavender Genome team of researchers from the University of British Columbia (UBC) Okanagan Campus has sequenced the genome of lavender. Lavender has many uses, from essential oils to fragrances, personal hygiene, and pharmaceutical industries. This is the reason why scientists want to get to the root of lavender's secrets. Lavender is an important crop plant tha...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechInternational Conference on Biotechnology and Bioengineering International Conference on Biotechnology and BioengineeringWhen: December 7-8, 2018Where: Madrid, SpainVisit the conference website for more details....Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800AnnouncementsUpdated Pocket Ks on Plant Biotech Now Available versions of the following Pocket K as now available for download: Q and A About Genetically Modified CropsPlant Products of BiotechnologyGenetic Engineering and GM Crops Most of the updated information are based on the Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2017 (ISAAA Brief 53) and other reports with new data available. Pocket K...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800Document RemindersScientists Present Updates in Rice Genome Editing feeds more than three billion people globally, and thus, scientists have long been putting great efforts to improve this important crop. One of the advances in rice improvement is the usage of genome editing tools to target genes for biotic and abiotic stress tolerance, nutrition quality improvement, and yield improvement.Researcher Kaijun Zao...Wed, 17 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0800Document Reminders