Crop Biotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800FAO DG Calls for Countries to Address All Forms of Malnutritionť Graziano da Silva, Director-General of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), made an urgent call for countries to address all forms of malnutrition through transformation of food systems during his opening address to FAO's Council. "The coexistence of undernutrition, obesity and micronutrient deficiencies, what we know...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800GlobalGovernments Set Targets for Biodiversity Conservation by 2050 hundred and ninety-six Governments have agreed to scale up investments for sustainable development and harmonious coexistence of all life on Earth by 2050. This was during the United Nations Biodiversity Conference held on November 17-29, 2018 in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. Addressing the convention, His Excellency, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, President ...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800GlobalUganda Parliament Passes GMO Bill Parliament of the Republic of Uganda finally passed the Bill designed to provide a regulatory framework for the safe development and application of biotechnology in the country.The Bill, formerly known as the National Biotechnology and Biosafety Bill 2012, is now renamed as the Genetic Engineering Regulatory Bill 2018. The President deferred to...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800AfricaResearch Finds Autophagy's Remarkable Influence on Plant Metabolism from Washington University in St. Louis led by Richard Vierstra describe the effects of autophagy on the metabolism of maize plants using a uniquely comprehensive set of modern "-omics" technologies. Autophagy is a process that helps break down damaged or unwanted pieces of a cell so that the building blocks can be used again. In plants...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800AmericasGuatemala and Honduras Send Draft Biotechnology Regulation to WTO sent its draft biotechnology regulation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) on May 29, 2018. The same draft regulation was notified by Honduras on June 5, 2018, with both countries agreeing to harmonize their Genetically Engineered (GE) regulation under the Guatemalan-Honduras Customs Union framework. The draft GE regulation submitted t...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800AmericasColombia Open to Biotech Adoption; Continues to Work through Regulatory Challenges USDA Foreign Agricultural Service Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) report on the status of agricultural biotechnology in Colombia has been released.According to the report, Colombia remains open to the adoption of products derived from biotechnology and other innovative technologies. The area planted to genetically engineered (GE)...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800AmericasInternational Team Discovers Why Plants "Live Fast and Die Young" international team led by researchers at The University of Manchester has discovered why some plants "live fast and die young" whilst others have long and healthy lives. The study, published in Science Advances, helps in understanding how plant diversity is maintained, which could help improve nature conservation, natural habitat restoration, an...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800EuropeInactivating Genes Boosts Crop Genetic Diversity from the Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD) and National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) in France recently showed that inactivating a gene, RECQ4, leads to a three-fold increase in recombination in crops such as rice, pea, and tomato. The gene was found to inhibit the exchange of genetic material via recombination...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800EuropePAC1 Overexpression Improves Multiple Virus Resistance of Soybean from Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences in China successfully developed transgenic soybean lines with increased multiple virus resistance. The results are published in Transgenic Research journal.Xiangdong Yang and colleagues generated genetically modified (GM) soybean lines constitutively expressing the double-strand RNA specific ri...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800ResearchScientists Reveal How Plants Sense Temperature from the University of California, Riverside (UCR) led by Dr. Meng Chen illustrates how plants sense temperature using genetic triggers in model plant, Arabidopsis. Their paper is published in Nature Communications.Chen and colleagues studied the role of phytochrome B, a molecular signaling pathway that may play a vital role in how plant...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800ResearchResearchers Use CRISPR-Cas9 for Gene Editing of Cavendish Banana banana takes almost half of global banana production worldwide. However, improvement of this cultivar is difficult because it is essentially sterile. Thus, scientists from Queensland University in Australia used CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing system to deliver a self-cleaving guide RNA designed to target the Phytoene desaturase (PDS) gene in th...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesGene-edited Rice Shows BIG Gene Vital for Seedling Viability BIG (AtBIG) gene encodes a large protein necessary for auxin transport and when turned off leads to changes in plant structure and adaptability to environmental stimuli. A similar gene (OsBIG) is present in rice, but its function is yet to be revealed. Thus, scientists from Wuhan University in China conducted a study to characterize the...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesStudy Identifies Geographic Origins of Hazelnuts have been consumed by humans since the Mesolithic era, and today, they're the third most commonly grown nut, after almonds and walnuts. Italian hazelnuts fetch the highest price, followed by those from Turkey, the U.S., Georgia, and Azerbaijan. Consumers today are willing to pay more for better nuts, and testing methods are needed to reli...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechNew Research Could Fine-tune CRISPR researchers and scientists use the tool CRISPR to correct genetic errors, they are aware that it may have side effects on the human genome. Now, researchers from the University of Copenhagen have learned how the molecular machinery behind CRISPR works and thus, expect to be able to fine-tune CRISPR and remove the undesired effects. In a new stud...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop Biotech20 Years of GMOs in Brazil Consultancy, with support from the Council for Information on Biotechnology (CIB Brazil), released the report titled 20 Years of GMOs: Environmental, Economic, and Social Benefits in Brazil. The report highlights the GM crops adoption benefits for farmers including reduction in the application of pesticides per hectare, fewer losses cau...Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800Document RemindersUpdated ISAAA Infographics: Where are Biotech Crops Grown in the World? total of 24 countries planted 189.8 million hectares of biotech crops in 2017. Know more about the countries that planted biotech crops from the updated ISAAA infographics....Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:00:00 +0800Document Reminders