Genes List

Gene Product and Function
Trait: 2,4-D herbicide tolerance
aad-1
Source: synthetic form of the aad-1 gene from Sphingobium herbicidovorans
Product: aryloxyalkanoate dioxygenase 1 (AAD-1) protein
Function: detoxifies 2,4-D herbicide by side-chain degradation and degrades the R-enantiomers of aryloxyphenoxypropionate herbicides
aad-12
Source: Delftia acidovorans
Product: aryloxyalkanoate di-oxygenase 12 (AAD-12) protein
Function: catalyzes the side chain degradation of 2,4-D herbicide
Trait: Altered lignin production
ccomt (inverted repeat)
Source: Medicago sativa (alfalfa)
Product: dsRNA that suppresses endogenous S-adenosyl-L-methionine: trans-caffeoyl CoA 3-O-methyltransferase (CCOMT gene) RNA transcript levels via the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway
Function: reduces content of guaiacyl (G) lignin
EgCAld5H
Source: Eucalyptus grandis
Product: CAld5H enzyme
Function: regulates the syringyl monolignol pathway;
Trait: Anti-allergy
7crp
Source: synthetic form of tolerogenic protein from Cryptomeria japonica
Product: modified cry j 1 and cry j 2 pollen antigens containing seven major human T cell epitopes
Function: triggers mucosal immune tolerance to cedar pollen allergens
Trait: Antibiotic resistance
aad
Source: Escherichia coli
Product: 3''(9)-O-aminoglycoside adenylyltransferase enzyme
Function: allows selection for resistance to aminoglycoside antibiotics such as spectinomycin and streptomycin
aph4 (hpt)
Source: Escherichia coli
Product: hygromycin-B phosphotransferase (hph) enzyme
Function: allows selection for resistance to the antibiotic hygromycin B
bla
Source: Escherichia coli
Product: beta lactamase enzyme
Function: detoxifies beta lactam antibiotics such as ampicillin
hph
Source: Streptomyces sp.
Product: hygromycin phosphotransferase
Function: allows selection for resistance to the antibiotic hygromycin B
nptII
Source: Escherichia coli Tn5 transposon
Product: neomycin phosphotransferase II enzyme
Function: allows transformed plants to metabolize neomycin and kanamycin antibiotics during selection
spc
Source: Escherichia coli
Product: spectinomycin adenyl transferase enzyme (not expressed in plant tissues)
Function: confers resistance to spectinomycin/streptomycin antibiotics, which permits prokaryotic selection
Trait: Coleopteran insect resistance
cry34Ab1
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis strain PS149B1
Product: Cry34Ab1 delta-endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to coleopteran insects particularly corn rootworm by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry35Ab1
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis strain PS149B1
Product: Cry35Ab1 delta-endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to coleopteran insects particularly corn rootworm by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry3A
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis
Product: cry3A delta endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to coleopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry3Bb1
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kumamotoensis
Product: Cry3Bb1 delta endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to coleopteran insects particularly corn rootworm by selectively damaging their midgut lining
dvsnf7
Source: Western Corn Rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera)
Product: double-stranded RNA transcript containing a 240 bp fragment of the WCR Snf7 gene
Function: RNAi interference resulting to down-regulation of the function of the targeted Snf7 gene leading to Western Corn Rootworm mortality.
mcry3A
Source: synthetic form of cry3A gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis
Product: modified Cry3A delta-endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to coleopteran insects particularly corn rootworm pests by selectively damaging their midgut lining
Trait: Delayed fruit softening
pg (sense or antisense)
Source: Lycopersicon esculentum
Product: no functional polygalacturonase enzyme is produced (transcription of the endogenous enzyme is suppressed by a gene silencing mechanism)
Function: inhibits the production of polygalacturonase enzyme responsible for the breakdown of pectin molecules in the cell wall, and thus causes delayed softening of the fruit
Trait: Delayed ripening/senescence
acc (truncated)
Source: Lycopersicon esculentum
Product: modified transcript of 1-amino-cyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) synthase gene
Function: suppresses the normal expression of the native ACC synthase gene, resulting in reduced ethylene production and delayed fruit ripening
acc (truncated)
Source: Dianthus caryophyllus
Product: modified transcript of 1-amino-cyclopropane -1-carboxylic acid (ACC) synthase gene
Function: causes reduced synthesis of endogenous ethylene through a gene silencing mechanism and thus delayed senescence and longer vase life
accd
Source: Pseudomonas chlororaphis
Product: 1-amino-cyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid deaminase enzyme
Function: metabolizes the precursor of the fruit ripening hormone ethylene, resulting in delayed fruit ripening
anti-efe
Source: Lycopersicon esculentum
Product: antisense RNA of 1-amino-cyclopropane -1-carboxylate oxidase (ACO) gene (no functional ACO enzyme is produced)
Function: causes delayed ripening by suppressing the production of ethylene via silencing of the ACO gene that encodes an ethylene-forming enzyme
sam-k
Source: Escherichia coli bacteriophage T3
Product: S-adenosylmethionine hydrolase enzyme
Function: causes delayed ripening by reducing the S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), a substrate for ethylene production
Trait: Dicamba herbicide tolerance
dmo
Source: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain DI-6
Product: dicamba mono-oxygenase enzyme
Function: confers tolerance to the herbicide dicamba (2-methoxy-3,6-dichlorobenzoic acid) by using dicamba as substrate in an enzymatic reaction
Trait: Drought stress tolerance
cspB
Source: Bacillus subtilis
Product: cold shock protein B
Function: maintains normal cellular functions under water stress conditions by preserving RNA stability and translation
EcBetA
Source: Escherichia coli
Product: choline dehydrogenase
Function: catalyzes the production of the osmoprotectant compound glycine betaine conferring tolerance to water stress
Hahb-4
Source: Helianthus annuus
Product: Isolated nucleic acid molecule encoding the transcription factor Hahb-4
Function: the transcription factor Hahb-4 binds to a dehydration transcription regulating region of plant
RmBetA
Source: Rhizobium meliloti
Product: choline dehydrogenase
Function: catalyzes the production of the osmoprotectant compound glycine betaine conferring tolerance to water stress
Trait: Enhanced Photosynthesis/Yield
bbx32
Source: Arabidopsis thaliana
Product: protein that interacts with one or more endogenous transcription factors to regulate the plant’s day/night physiological processes
Function: to modulate plant's diurnal biology and to enhance growth and reproductive development
Trait: Enhanced Provitamin A Content
crt1
Source: Pantoea ananatis
Product: phytoene desaturase enzyme CRTI
Function: catalyzes the conversion of 15-cis-phytoene to all-trans-lycopene
psy1
Source: Zea mays
Product: phytoene synthase ZmPSY1
Function: converts geranylgeranyl diphosphate into phytoene, and acts upstream of CRTI in the carotenoid biosynthesis pathway
Trait: Fertility restoration
barstar
Source: Bacillus amyloliquefaciens
Product: barnase ribonuclease inhibitor
Function: restores fertility by repressing the inhibitory effect of barnase on tapetum cells of the anther
ms45
Source: Zea mays
Product: ms45 protein
Function: restores fertility by restoring the development of the microspore cell wall that gives rise to pollen
Trait: Foliar Late Blight Resistance
Rpi-vnt1
Source: Solanum venturii
Product: late blight resistance protein
Function: confers resistance to potato late blight
Trait: Glufosinate herbicide tolerance
bar
Source: Streptomyces hygroscopicus
Product: phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase (PAT) enzyme
Function: eliminates herbicidal activity of glufosinate (phosphinothricin) herbicides by acetylation
pat
Source: Streptomyces viridochromogenes
Product: phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase (PAT) enzyme
Function: eliminates herbicidal activity of glufosinate (phosphinothricin) herbicides by acetylation
pat (syn)
Source: synthetic form of pat gene derived from Streptomyces viridochromogenes strain Tu 494
Product: phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase (PAT) enzyme
Function: eliminates herbicidal activity of glufosinate (phosphinothricin) herbicides by acetylation
Trait: Glyphosate herbicide tolerance
2mepsps
Source: Zea mays
Product: 5-enolpyruvyl shikimate-3-phosphate synthase enzyme (double mutant version)
Function: decreases binding affinity for glyphosate, thereby increasing tolerance to glyphosate herbicide
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Source: Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain CP4
Product: herbicide tolerant form of 5-enolpyruvulshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) enzyme
Function: decreases binding affinity for glyphosate, thereby conferring increased tolerance to glyphosate herbicide
epsps (Ag)
Source: Arthrobacter globiformis
Product: 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate-synthase enzyme
Function: confers tolerance to glyphosate herbicides
epsps grg23ace5
Source: synthetic gene; similar to epsps grg23 gene from soil bacterium Arthrobacter globiformis
Product: modified 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) protein or EPSPS ACE5 protein
Function: confers tolerance to glyphosate herbicides
gat4601
Source: Bacillus licheniformis
Product: glyphosate N-acetyltransferase enzyme
Function: catalyzes the inactivation of glyphosate,conferring tolerance to glyphosate herbicides
gat4621
Source: Bacillus licheniformis
Product: glyphosate N-acetyltransferase enzyme
Function: catalyzes the inactivation of glyphosate, conferring tolerance to glyphosate herbicides
goxv247
Source: Ochrobactrum anthropi strain LBAA
Product: glyphosate oxidase
Function: confers tolerance to glyphosate herbicides by degrading glyphosate into aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) and glyoxylate
mepsps
Source: Zea mays
Product: modified 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) enzyme
Function: confers tolerance to glyphosate herbicides
Trait: Hemipteran Insect Resistance
mCry51Aa2
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis
Product: modified Bt Cry51Aa2 protein
Function: confers resistance to hemipteran insects Lygus hesperus and L. lineolaris by selectively damaging their midgut lining
Trait: Increased Ear Biomass
athb17
Source: Arabidopsis thaliana
Product: a protein of the class II family of the homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-Zip) transcription factors
Function: Modulates plant growth and development and regulates gene expression
Trait: Inhibited stem elongation (dwarfed)
OsGA2ox1
Source: rice (Oryza sativa L. cv Nipponbare)
Product: GA 2-oxidase
Function: inhibits stem elongation and the development of reproductive organs; promotes early development of the inflorescence meristem
Trait: Isoxaflutole herbicide tolerance
hppdPF W336
Source: Pseudomonas fluorescens strain A32
Product: modified p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (hppd) enzyme
Function: confers tolerance to HPPD-inhibiting herbicides (such as isoxaflutole) by reducing the specificity for the herbicide's bioactive constituent
Trait: Late blight disease resistance
RB
Source: Solanum bulbocastanum
Product: late blight resistance protein
Function: broad spectrum resistance against Phytophthora infestans races
Trait: Lepidopteran insect resistance
cry1A
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis
Product: delta-endotoxin of the Cry1A group
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry1A.105
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kumamotoensis
Product: Cry1A.105 protein which comprises the Cry1Ab, Cry1F and Cry1Ac proteins
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry1Ab
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki
Product: Cry1Ab delta-endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry1Ab (truncated)
Source: synthetic form of Cry1Ab from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kumamotoensis
Product: Cry1Ab delta-endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry1Ab-Ac
Source: synthetic fusion gene derived from Bacillus thuringiensis
Product: Cry1Ab-Ac delta endotoxin (fusion protein)
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry1Ac
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Kurstaki strain HD73
Product: Cry1Ac delta-endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry1C
Source: synthetic gene derived from Bacillus thuringiensis
Product: Cry1C delta-endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects, specifically Spodoptera
cry1F
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis var. aizawai
Product: Cry1F delta-endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry1Fa2
Source: synthetic form of cry1F gene derived from Bacillus thuringiensis var. aizawai
Product: modified Cry1F protein
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry2Ab2
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kumamotoensis
Product: Cry2Ab delta-endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry2Ae
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis subsp Dakota
Product: Cry2Ae delta-endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
cry9C
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tolworthi strain BTS02618A
Product: Cry9C delta endotoxin
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
mocry1F
Source: synthetic form of cry1F gene from Bacillus thuringiensis var. aizawai
Product: modified Cry1F protein
Function: confers resistance to lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
pinII
Source: Solanum tuberosum
Product: protease inhibitor protein
Function: enhances defense against insect predators by reducing the digestibility and nutritional quality of the leaves
vip3A(a)
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis strain AB88
Product: VIP3A vegetative insecticidal protein
Function: confers resistance to feeding damage caused by lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
vip3Aa20
Source: Bacillus thuringiensis strain AB88
Product: vegetative insecticidal protein (vip3Aa variant)
Function: confers resistance to feeding damage caused by lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut
Trait: Lowered Free Asparagine
asn1
Source: Solanum tuberosum
Product: double stranded RNA
Function: Designed to generate dsRNA to down regulate Asn1 transcripts which lowers asparagine formation
Trait: Lowered Reducing Sugars
PhL
Source: Solanum tuberosum
Product: double stranded RNA
Function: Designed to generate dsRNA to down regulate PhL transcripts which lowers reducing sugars
R1
Source: Solanum tuberosum
Product: double stranded RNA
Function: Designed to generate dsRNA to down regulate R1 transcripts which lowers reducing sugars
Vlnv
Source: Solanum tuberosum
Product: double stranded RNA
Function: downregulates VInv transcripts which lowers reducing sugars
Trait: Male sterility
barnase
Source: Bacillus amyloliquefaciens
Product: barnase ribonuclease (RNAse) enzyme
Function: causes male sterility by interfering with RNA production in the tapetum cells of the anther
dam
Source: Escherichia coli
Product: DNA adenine methylase enzyme
Function: confers male sterility by interfering with the production of functional anthers and pollen
zm-aa1
Source: Zea mays
Product: alpha amylase enzyme
Function: hydrolyses starch and makes pollen sterile when expressed in immature pollen
Trait: Mannose metabolism
pmi
Source: Escherichia coli
Product: Phosphomannose Isomerase (PMI) enzyme
Function: metabolizes mannose and allows positive selection for recovery of transformed plants
Trait: Mesotrione Herbicide Tolerance
avhppd-03
Source: Oat (Avena sativa)
Product: p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase
Function: Tolerance to Mesotrione herbicide
Trait: Modified alpha amylase
amy797E
Source: synthetic gene derived from Thermococcales spp.
Product: thermostable alpha-amylase enzyme
Function: enhances bioethanol production by increasing the thermostability of amylase used in degrading starch
Trait: Modified amino acid
cordapA
Source: Corynebacterium glutamicum
Product: dihydrodipicolinate synthase enzyme
Function: increases the production of amino acid lysine
Trait: Modified flower color
5AT
Source: Torenia sp.
Product: anthocyanin 5-acyltransferase (5AT) enzyme
Function: alters the production of a type of anthocyanin called delphinidin
bp40 (f3'5'h)
Source: Viola wittrockiana
Product: Flavonoid 3',5'-hydroxylase (F3'5'H) enzyme
Function: catalyzes the production of the blue-coloured anthocyanin pigment delphinidin and its derivatives
cytb5
Source: Petunia (Petunia hybrida)
Product: Cytochrome b5
Function: Cyt b5 protein acts as an electron donor to the Cyt P450 enzyme and is required for full activity of the Cyt P450 enzyme Flavinoid 3' 5' hydroxylase in vivo and the generation of purple/ blue flower colours.
dfr
Source: Petunia hybrida
Product: dihydroflavonol-4-reductase (DFR) hydroxylase enzyme
Function: catalyzes the production of the blue-coloured anthocyanin pigment delphinidin and its derivatives
dfr-diaca
Source: Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)
Product: Dihydroflavonol-4-reductase enzyme
Function: functions in the biosynthesis pathway of the pink/ red-coloured anthocyandin 3-O-(6-O-malylglucoside) pigment in carnations
hfl (f3'5'h)
Source: Petunia hybrida
Product: Flavonoid 3',5'-hydroxylase (F3'5'H) enzyme
Function: catalyzes the production of the blue-coloured anthocyanin pigment delphinidin and its derivatives
sfl (f3'5'h)
Source: Sage (Salvia splendens)
Product: Flavonoid 3',5'-hydroxylase
Function: involved in the biosynthesis of a group of blue coloured anthocyanins called delphinidins
Trait: Modified oil/fatty acid
fad2-1A (sense and antisense)
Source: Glycine max
Product: no functional enzyme is produced (production of delta-12 desaturase enzyme is suppressed by RNA interference)
Function: reduces desaturation of 18:1 oleic acid to 18:2 linoleic acid; increases the levels of monounsaturated oleic acid and decreases the levels of saturated linoleic acid in the seed
fad2.2
Source: Carthamus tinctorius
Product: no functional enzyme is produced (production of delta-12 desaturase enzyme is suppressed by RNA interference)
Function: downregulation of fad2.2 gene
fatB
Source: Carthamus tinctorius
Product: no functional enzyme produced (production of FATB enzymes or acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterases is suppressed by RNA interference)
Function: downregulates fatB gene
fatb1-A (sense and antisense segments)
Source: Glycine max
Product: no functional enzyme is produced (production of FATB enzymes or acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterases is suppressed by RNA interference)
Function: decreases the transport of saturated fatty acids out of the plastid, thereby increasing their availability to desaturation to 18:1 oleic acid; reduces the levels of saturated fatty acids and increases the levels of 18:1 oleic acid
gm-fad2-1 (partial sequence)
Source: Glycine max
Product: no functional enzyme is produced (expression of the endogenous fad2-1 gene encoding omega-6 desaturase enzyme was suppressed by the partial gm-fad2-1 gene fragment)
Function: blocks the formation of linoleic acid from oleic acid (by silencing the fad2-1 gene) and allows accumulation of oleic acid in the seed
gm-fad2-1 (silencing locus)
Source: Glycine max
Product: no functional enzyme is produced (production of endogenous delta-12 desaturase enzyme was suppressed by an additional copy of the gm-fad2-1 gene via a gene silencing mechanism)
Function: blocks the conversion of oleic acid to linoleic acid (by silencing the endogenous fad2-1 gene) and allows accumulation of monounsaturated oleic acid in the seed
Lackl-delta12D
Source: Lachancea kluyveri
Product: delta-12-desaturase
Function: converts oleic acid to linoleic acid
Micpu-delta-6D
Source: Micromonas pusilla
Product: delta-6-desaturase
Function: convert a-linolenic acid to stearidonic acid
Nc.Fad3
Source: Neurospora crassa
Product: delta 15 desaturase protein
Function: desaturates certain endogenous fatty acids resulting in the production of stearidonic acid (SDA), an omega-3 fatty acid
Pavsa-delta-4D
Source: Pavlova salina
Product: delta-4-desaturase
Function: converts docosapentaenoic acid to docosahexaenoic acid
Pavsa-delta-5D
Source: Pavlova salina
Product: delta-5-desaturase
Function: converts eicosatetraenoic acid to eicosapentaenoic acid
Picpa-omega-3D
Source: Pichia pastoris
Product: delta-15-/omega-3-desaturase
Function: converts linoleic acid to a-linolenic acid
Pj.D6D
Source: Primula juliae
Product: delta 6 desaturase protein
Function: desaturates certain endogenous fatty acids resulting in the production of stearidonic acid (SDA), an omega-3 fatty acid
Pyrco-delta-5E
Source: Pyramimonas cordata
Product: delta-5-elongase
Function: converts eicosapentaenoic acid to docosapentaenoic acid
Pyrco-delta-6E
Source: Pyramimonas cordata
Product: delta-6-elongase
Function: convert stearidonic acid to eicosatetraenoic acid
te
Source: Umbellularia californica (bay leaf)
Product: 12:0 ACP thioesterase  enzyme
Function: increases the level of triacylglycerides containing esterified lauric acid (12:0) 
Trait: Modified starch/carbohydrate
gbss (antisense fragment)
Source: Solanum tuberosum
Product: no functional granule-bound starch synthase (GBSS) enzyme is produced; production of GBSS enzyme is suppressed by a gene silencing mechanism
Function: reduces the levels of amylose and increases the levels of amylopectin in starch granules
Trait: Multiple insect resistance
API
Source: Sagittaria sagittifolia (arrowhead)
Product: arrowhead protease inhibitor protein A or B
Function: confers resistance to a wide range of insect pests
CpTI
Source: Vigna unguiculata
Product: trypsin inhibitor
Function: confers resistance to a wide range of insect pests
ecry3.1Ab
Source: synthetic form of Cry3A gene and Cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis
Product: chimeric (Cry3A-Cry1Ab) delta endotoxin protein
Function: confers resistance to coleopteran and lepidopteran insects by selectively damaging their midgut lining
Trait: Nicotine reduction
NtQPT1 (antisense)
Source: Nicotiana tabacum 
Product: antisense RNA of quinolinic acid phosphoribosyltransferase (QPTase) gene; no functional QPTase enzyme is produced
Function: suppresses the transcription of the QPTase gene, thereby reducing the production of nicotinic acid, a precursor for nicotine
Trait: Non-Browning
PGAS PPO suppression gene
Source: Malus domestica
Product: double stranded RNA (dsRNA)
Function: double stranded RNA (dsRNA)from the suppression transcript is processed into small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) that direct the cleavage of the target mRNA through sequence complementarity and suppresses PPO resulting in apples with a non-browning phenotype.
Trait: Nopaline synthesis
nos
Source: Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain CP4
Product: nopaline synthase enzyme
Function: catalyses the synthesis of nopaline, which permits the identification of transformed plant embryos
Trait: Oxynil herbicide tolerance
bxn
Source: Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. Ozaenae
Product: nitrilase enzyme
Function: eliminates herbicidal activity of oxynil herbicides (eg. bromoxynil)
Trait: Phytase production
phyA
Source: Aspergillus niger var. van Tieghem
Product: 3-phytase enzyme
Function: increases the breakdown of plant phytates which bind phosphorus and makes the latter available to monogastric animals
phyA2
Source: Aspergillus niger strain 963
Product: phytase enzyme
Function: degrades phytate phosphorus in seeds into inorganic phosphate to be available to animals when used as feed
Trait: Reduced Black Spot
ppo5
Source: Solanum verrucosum
Product: double stranded RNA
Function: Designed to generate dsRNA to down regulate Ppo5 transcripts which lowers black spot bruise development
Trait: Sulfonylurea herbicide tolerance
als
Source: Arabidopsis thaliana
Product: herbicide tolerant enzyme acetolactate synthase (als)
Function: allows the synthesis of essential amino acids in the presence of sulfonylurea herbicides
csr1-2
Source: Arabidopsis thaliana
Product: modified acetohydroxyacid synthase large subunit (AtAHASL)
Function: confers tolerance to imidazolinone herbicides
gm-hra
Source: Glycine max
Product: modified acetolactate synthase (ALS) enzyme
Function: confers tolerance to applications of sulfonylurea – based herbicides
S4-HrA
Source: Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi
Product: herbicide tolerant acetolactate synthase (ALS) enzyme
Function: allows the plant to synthesize essential amino acids in the presence of sulfonylurea herbicides
surB
Source: Nicotiana tabacum
Product: herbicide tolerant acetolactate synthase (ALS) enzyme
Function: confers tolerance to sulfonylurea herbicides and other acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibiting herbicides
zm-hra
Source: Zea mays
Product: herbicide tolerant acetolactase synthase (als) enzyme
Function: confers tolerance to acetolactate synthase-inhibiting herbicides such as sulfonylurea and imidazolinone
Trait: Viral disease resistance
ac1 (sense and antisense)
Source: Bean Golden Mosaic Virus (BGMV)
Product: sense and antisense RNA of viral replication protein (Rep); no functional viral replication protein is produced
Function: inhibits the synthesis of the viral replication protein of the Bean Golden Mosaic Virus (BGMV), thereby conferring resistance to the BGMV
cmv_cp
Source: Cucumber Mosaic Cucumovirus (CMV)
Product: coat protein of cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV)
Function: confers resistance to cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV) through "pathogen-derived resistance" mechanism
plrv_orf1
Source: Potato Leaf Roll Virus (PLRV)
Product: putative replicase domain of the potato leaf roll virus (PLRV)
Function: confers resistance to potato leaf roll virus (PLRV) through gene silencing mechanism
plrv_orf2
Source: Potato Leaf Roll Virus (PLRV)
Product: putative helicase domain of the potato leaf roll virus (PLRV)
Function: confers resistance to potato leaf roll virus (PLRV) through gene silencing mechanism
ppv_cp
Source: Plum pox virus (PPV)
Product: coat protein of plum pox virus (PPV)
Function: confers resistance to plum pox virus (PPV) through "pathogen-derived resistance" mechanism
prsv_cp
Source: Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV)
Product: coat protein (CP) of the papaya ringspot virus (PRSV)
Function: confers resistance to papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) through "pathogen-derived resistance" mechanism
prsv_rep
Source: Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV)
Product: replicase domain of the papaya ringspot virus (PRSV)
Function: confers resistance to papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) through gene silencing mechanism
pvy_cp
Source: Potato Virus Y (PVY)
Product: coat protein of the potato virus Y (PVY)
Function: confers resistance to potato virus Y (PVY) through "pathogen-derived resistance" mechanism
wmv_cp
Source: Watermelon Mosaic Potyvirus 2 (WMV2)
Product: coat protein of watermelon mosaic potyvirus 2 (WMV2)
Function: confers resistance to watermelon mosaic potyvirus 2 (WMV2) through "pathogen-derived resistance" mechanism
zymv_cp
Source: Zucchini Yellow Mosaic Potyvirus (ZYMV)
Product: coat protein of zucchini yellow mosaic potyvirus (ZYMV)
Function: confers resistance to zucchini yellow mosaic potyvirus (ZYMV) through "pathogen-derived resistance" mechanism
Trait: Visual marker
dsRed2
Source: Discosoma sp.
Product: red fluorescent protein
Function: produces red stain on transformed tissue, which allows visual selection
uidA
Source: Escherichia coli
Product: beta-D-glucuronidase (GUS) enzyme
Function: produces blue stain on treated transformed tissue, which allows visual selection
Trait: Volumetric Wood Increase
cel1
Source: Arabidopsis thaliana
Product: CEL1 recombinant protein
Function: promotes a faster growth